“Bio-Fibersity”: Consider Bio-Diversity When Selecting Fibers

Hepatica has been the first spring plant to emerge in our woods this spring.

Hepatica has been the first spring plant to emerge in our woods this spring.

Based on the Hepatica coming up in our woods, spring has finally arrived in this part of the country. I say this with some hesitation since our temperature is supposed to drop back into the 40s for highs next week. Nevertheless, there is a feeling of spring in the air and a desire among many fiber folks to get out to farms for shearing events or to pick up a newly shorn fleece. And this brings up a subject that has been gnawing on my brain for the past couple of months…

In February (Feb. 27 in fact), Clara Parkes, from the online knitting news site Knitter’s Review >http://knittersreview.com/newsletter/newsletter.asp<, discussed the importance of maintaining diversity in the sheep industry so knitters may continue to have options in their fiber choices. She said “too many of us are still hooked on the super-soft Merinos of the world. So hooked… that most yarn companies are afraid to offer anything else. … If we want any variety in our stashes, we must buck the trend.”

These comments have stuck in my mind as I’ve become more aware of how much consumer fiber preference drives the marketplace. In fact, I’ve just seen personal evidence of this. One of my wholesale vendors has recently dropped an old standby and solid spinning fiber (Corriedale) due to dwindling consumer interest in the fiber. This sheep fiber is perfect for beginning spinners. It’s inexpensive and my go-to fiber for dye testing, steadfast garment spinning, and a great fiber for beginning spinners to control since it isn’t really slippery. Although it isn’t the softest of fibers, it isn’t horrible against the skin. But the wholesaler has decided to go with the flow of the times and focus on the more expensive and in-demand Merino fibers and other fibers within that soft quality.

I can’t deny that soft fibers are great. They are wonderful next to the skin and often perfect for felters. But such fibers are not the best choice for long-wearing garments. Soft fibers usually need another structural fiber to make garments (especially socks) last longer than just a few wears. They also cost more than other less-fine fibers, thereby narrowing the choices for those of us on a budget.

To widen the focus a bit more, bio-diversity is essential for a balanced world. If we insist on only one fiber in our palette, we are missing out on a world of other fibers with their own unique and important qualities, limiting our opportunity to experience the full palette.

So fiber people, I challenge you to be truly sustainable in your fiber choices. Every so often, consider a fiber with some grit. Look at the entire range of possibilities when selecting a fiber so we may continue to have a world of diversity in our choices. If we don’t widen our horizons now, our fiber choices may change from a supermarket variety that offers us many options, to much more limited options that may be likened to the food selection found in a gas station grocery aisle.

With this challenge in mind, the following is a general chart of sheep breeds and their fineness counts. It didn’t make the final cut of my Yarn Works book so I’m offering it here as a service to you. Please explore the breeds and support the shepherds who continue to maintain diversity in their flock choices.


A Few Common Spinning Sheep Breeds by Micron Count, Bradford Count, General Staple Length, and Staple Crimp

(This chart shows a sampling of the primary breeds of sheep raised in the U.S. as pure or mixed breed fleece for hand spinners. No fleece is exactly alike. It may vary in all categories depending on health, environment, and breeding. This chart is a general guide to breeds and their fleece characteristics. The lower the micron number, the finer the fiber. Note that these count numbers show an average range and some fibers may actually measure outside the noted range.) 

Sheep Breed

Micron Count

Bradford Count

Staple Length

Crimps per inch (2.5 cm)  average

Blue Faced Leicester

24-28

60s-56s

Medium-Long

3-6 in (8-15 cm)

6.5

Border Leicester

37-40

48s-36s

Long

6-8 in (15-20 cm)

2.5

Coopworth

35-39

48s-44s

Long

5-7 in (13-18 cm)

3.5

Cormo

21-23

64s-58s

Medium-Long

4-5 in (10-13 cm)

16

Corriedale

26-33

58s-50s

Medium-Long

3-8 in (8-20 cm)

5

Icelandic thel-innercoat /tog-outercoat

19-22 / 28-31

70s-64s / 54s-50s

Short-Long

2–3 in (5–8 cm)/5-15 in (13-38 cm)

6.5 / NA

Lincoln

36-38

40s-36s

Long

7-10 in (18-25 cm)

1.5

Merino

18-24

70s-60s

Medium

2.5-4 in (7-10 cm)

11

Rambouillet

18-24

80s-60s

Short-Medium

2-4 in (5-10 cm)

16

Romney

33-37

50s-46s

Long

5-7 in (13-18 cm)

4

Shetland

23-30

60s-50s

Short-Long

2-5 in (5-13 cm)

12


Endangered Breeds

There are also a number of shepherds who have begun to raise awareness of breeds that are in danger of total extinction. Gleaned from the LivestockConservancy.org site is the following list of a few breeds in current danger and links to more information about these breeds.

Critical Status:

Florida Cracker

Gulf Coast or Gulf Coast Native

Hog Island

Leicester Longwool

Romeldale/CVM

Santa Cruz


Threatened:

Black Welsh Mountain

Clun Forest

Cotswold

Dorset Horn

Jacob – American

Karakul – American

Navajo-Churro

St. Croix


Being Watched:

Lincoln

Oxford

Shropshire

Tunis


Recovering:  

Barbados Blackbelly

Shetland

Southdown

Wiltshire Horn


Let’s all try to keep our sheep breeds diverse and thriving by buying spun yarn or raw fleece from a wider variety of sheep breeds for our spinning, felting, or knitting pleasure!

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Making Clean While the Snow Falls – a new/old way to wash your woolens

For those of us living through this year’s interminable winter with snow up to our eyeballs, take heart! That white stuff outside of your door is a blessing—in the form of a free, safe, and easy wool wash.

For centuries, snow washing has been used in Nordic countries to wash wool rugs. Here’s the simple process: step on the rug in the snow, rub it around, flip it over and do the same to the other side. Shake out the snow and, if you need to, repeat. In just a few minutes, the rug will be bright and clean. Then take the clean rug inside to air-dry.

But did you know that a variation of this rug washing technique could also be used for woolen garments? In fact, it’s a centuries-old wool cleaning method. Even the Vikings are known to have snow-washed their woolen garments.

Sweaters, mittens, socks – anything woolen can be snow washed and here’s the process: Lay your woolen item on a clean area of fresh snow. (I shouldn’t need to say “clean” but these days, even fresh snow can be full of dirty particulates.)

 Image

 

Sprinkle snow on it.

 Image

 

Gently rub it around in the snow.

Image

Shake the snow out, then flip it over and “wash” it again. 

In only a matter of a few minutes, the snow will do its job.

 Image

Shake the bulk of the snow out of the item and bring it inside to air-dry.

Your woolens will look bright and smell fresh as if they were hung on a summer clothesline. Plus, no felting will occur since you are working with really cold “water”.

[Note: SUPER soiled woolens may require soap to fully clean them but this snow method will work for the general cleaning and freshening of wools. If the garment needs a soap and water method, ONLY use a neutral pH soap and cold water. Most dishwashing soaps are excellent for cleaning woolens. Avoid those that are sold for cleaning “delicates”. I don’t want to get sued for bad-mouthing brand names that try to sell their product for woolens so check the pH for the product you are considering (their website should tell you what it is). The goal is a pH of 7.]

For further reading, here’s a story about how a Nordic Arts class at Concordia College in Moorhead, Minnesota, used this ancient cleaning technique to wash some rya rugs: http://norwegiantextileletter.com/article/snow-washing-an-american-account-and-a-norwegian-story/

So now, go out and enjoy the last of this winter’s snow by giving your woolens a good washing!

______

Spinners…

You may wonder if that dirty old raw fleece that you’ve been waiting to wash could be cleaned this way. Sorry. No go. Raw fleece has more than just “dirt” in it but also suint and grease that needs hot water and soap to release it from the fiber hairs. My book Yarn Works has a section on how to wash a raw fleece so check that out if you want more info on cleaning that nasty fleece. Find out more about my book here: http://www.sagahill.com/images/PressReleaseYarnWorks.pdf and a link on how to purchase the book directly from me (it’s also available at all book sellers): http://www.sagahill.com/Publications-Kits.html

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Could Spinning Be Anti-Inflammatory?

Meditative-spinning

For those who have mastered the rhythms of spinning fiber, you know the meditative nature of spinning. The wheel or spindle moves with your body at a pace similar to the pace of breathing. A deep breath in, the spin of the wheel – a deep breath out, the winding of the spin… Very rhythmic and consciousness freeing. (BTW… This meditative nature of spinning is also a primary reason behind why I like to spin and therefore it’s a subject I’ve featured in my book Yarn Works: How to Spin, Dye, and Knit Your Own Yarn.)

I just came across some news that relates to this meditative aspect of spinning. There is a study, recently released by the University of Wisconsin, that discusses how meditation can have an anti-inflammatory effect on the genes that cause inflammation. Here’s a synopsis of that study (pulled from www.drweil.com)…

Reprogramming Inflammation with Meditation
We know that over time chronic, imperceptible, low-level inflammation can contribute to serious, age-related diseases including heart disease, cancer and neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. A new study from the University of Wisconsin shows that meditation can actually affect the genes that cause inflammation. Researchers measured the effects of a day of intensive mindfulness meditation in a group of experienced mediators and compared them with those of quiet, non-meditative activities by a group of untrained volunteers. After eight hours of meditation, the researchers found altered levels of gene-regulating compounds and reduced activity levels of the pro-inflammatory genes in the experienced meditators. These changes were correlated with faster physical recovery from a stressful situation, the investigators explained. They reported that these findings are the first to show that mediation can inhibit production of proteins by some genes that cause inflammation and noted that at the study’s outset there were no differences in the genes tested in both groups. They also reported that the positive changes were seen in genes that are the targets of anti-inflammatory and pain killing drugs.

So I present to you the possibility that spinning, as a meditative practice, may just be anti-inflammatory!

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Room to Grow (& be creative)

2013 – the year of the big ADDITION PROJECT!

It may have taken from April to December, but I’m back to blogging. My excuse for the absence is that I have been a little preoccupied this year. After 20 years of sharing a small home office space with my husband (we both work out of the home), we finally bit the bullet and decided to add-on dedicated office spaces for each of us. No more listening to each other’s phone conversations (whether intentionally or not), being an unexpected participant in the other’s Skype meeting (sometimes working in pajamas is not a good idea), and dealing with competing work styles (neat nit vs., well let’s just say, another type of organization style).

We started planning the project in March and I am writing this announcement in December. You can fill in the months between. Suffice it to say, it’s been a fairly stressful year.

The carrots on the stick are the soon-to-be-done (oh Lordy, we hope) individual offices. The extra carrot for me is a dedicated studio space in the addition basement! I have to say I’m more excited about this nearly 24 x 14 foot space than anything. For years, I’ve been dyeing and doing my artwork in, essentially, an alley of our basement with no natural light or ventilation. I had to crawl over my work table to get to the freezer, do a shimmy past my felting table to get to the washer and dryer. You get the picture.

When we built our house 20 years ago, I designed it and was very involved with the general contracting. I even became THE general contractor from drywall to finish. So I figured it was time to break out the designer/contractor’s hard hat again—this time being not only the designer but the GC for the entire project. A self-contracting “coach” has been holding my hand during the process since the building industry has changed a bit in 20 years. He was a great help for getting quality subs. But the hands-on supervision has been my baby—and a cranky baby at times.

This was NOT the year to do any building project, mainly because everyone and their uncle has had the idea that this is the PERFECT year to build. So getting subcontractors to come within a reasonable timeframe has been a major task and continues to be a challenge. With all the customer juggling and working overtime, by the time the subs get here, they are often quite burned out. Plus this popular year for building has created a seller’s market, causing the costs to rise as the year moved along. Nevertheless, we managed to fit the project into our budget without too many painful cuts and broke soil in October.

Silt-fence

One of the first steps in this construction project was to put up a silt fence around the perimeter. It was fairly easy to place and the dogs found it just as easy to jump over. So now it’s become an agility course as they jump back and forth from the woods to the open construction zone. (They ARE border collies after all.) The fence will come out next spring, although I may just need to keep portions of it here and there so the dogs can still have their fun!

Here are the results of 1 1/2 months of construction, from the middle of October to the first week of December:

Pre-build view.

Pre-build view.

The foundation is up.

The foundation is up.

Framing begins - here's a side view.

Framing begins – this is a side view.

Currently waiting for siding.

Currently waiting for siding.

Looking back, from October to early December, it does seem like we have progressed quite well. But when you are living in the space (and working in your living room) while the build is going on, time takes on a whole new elongated dimension!

The basement space is inherently insulated since we used ICF blocks (Insulated Concrete Forms) as the construction method for the basement walls. They are put together like Lego® blocks and then rebar is placed and concrete poured into the forms. Very energy efficient and eco-friendly since they are made from recycled styrofoam.

The basement space is inherently insulated since we used ICF blocks (Insulated Concrete Forms) as the construction method for the basement walls. They are put together like Lego® blocks and then rebar is placed and concrete poured into the forms. Very energy-efficient and eco-friendly since they are made from recycled styrofoam.

Here they are pouring the concrete into the forms.

Here they are pouring concrete into the forms. 

We expected the project would be finished by Thanksgiving—really finished. Painted, finish carpentry done, move in ready. Ha! If any of you have ever done a remodeling project, you know the Ha! that builds up in the throat over such thinking. This has been a humbling experience. I pride myself on an ability to arrange and schedule events that are well-thought-out and happen on time. The construction industry isn’t made of such cloth. Oh, I’ve had such beautifully drawn up timelines! Everything and everyone in their place. And I become more plumped up when a sub actually shows up according to my beautifully arranged schedule! The dream of all contractors: one sub moving right after another, with inspections all in a row—until someone has a vehicle break down or another customer call with a more urgent need. Then the lovely plan is torn up into tiny little pieces and rearranged into a new semblance of loveliness—for a moment—only to be torn up again by another delay or problem… well, you get the drift of how my fall has been going. Endless creative reality checks.

At this point, we are sweating out the weather (more like freezing out the weather). With winter comes new challenges for subs and lumber deliveries getting up our steep hill (it IS Saga Hill after all) and challenges for us to stay warm-ish in a house that is only partially insulated while the temps drop into the teens. (Update: Since I wrote this yesterday, the insulation sub did their thing and we are toasty warm now. It took them 6 runs to finally get up our hill with their massive truck after a slippery snow storm overnight. It’s always an adventure living on Saga Hill!)

So that gets you up-to-speed on what I’ve been doing “on the side” this year and why I’ve been so quiet in the world of fiber.

The Year Ahead… 2014 promises to be a year when I will grow new ideas from this new space and get back to creating designs—other than architectural. My book FINALLY comes out in January (Yarn Works: How to Spin, Dye, and Knit Your Own Yarn); and I have numerous new vendor gigs, a few classes, speaking and book signing engagements, and lots of great ideas to pursue in my REAL studio space! This is my year of enLIGHTenment. (More on that in a future blog.)

Let’s share with each other! Does anyone have a story to share about their remodeling or building experience? How did you cope with the life interruption and what did you learn from the experience? For artists or other creatives, I am especially curious to hear about studio/work spaces you are currently using and/or any studio dreams you may have. Share photos if you have them!

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Emerging from a LONG Winter

This morning was the first time since last November that I’ve been able to go outside without a hat and mittens. Such a long winter!

But along with me, the Earthly Coat material has emerged from the snow with no apparent sign of damage during its (our) hibernation.

Coat-in-garden-post-winter

In fact, the extreme cold and snow seemed to be kind to it since the surface is even better felted.

Coat-in-garden-post-winter-CU

Now I need to decide where to put the Coat for the next few months since I need access to our garden area for the summer. Perhaps it will become a coat for the wood pile. Decisions decisions. Good thing Mother Nature doesn’t need to decide where to put her grasses and flowers. I just hope that we will soon see some of HER work. At this time last year, we had wildflowers in full bloom but today I just see weathered leaves and dirt out there.

In the next blog, I’ll be back to work – degumming silk. It’s an interesting process. Tune in!

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The End? of Earthly Coat

Oh my goodness. This update is quite overdue. A busy life has kept me from concluding my thoughts on the Earthly Coat experience. But I’m not so sure I should blame a busy life. Deep down, I haven’t wanted the Coat to be put to its “eternal rest”. But it’s been two months since the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum Dirt-O-Rama exhibit closed and the Coat was taken down, so I must face up to reality. (And if anyone is following the news, the American Psychiatric Association says that grieving becomes a classified depressive disorder after just two months so let’s not go down that path!)

As a result of my delay, this post is a big one. There’s a lot to show and share…

Here's the view from the top of the coat. This was the same view my inner eye saw when I first visualized the project. I am grateful for actually being able to make that inner vision real.

Here’s a late summer view from the top of the Coat. This was the same view my inner eye saw when I first visualized the project. I am grateful for actually being able to make that inner vision real.

The Coat survived the six months of a Minnesota summer fairly well. Only during the last few weeks did it really start to show signs of fatigue.

Last view of the front of the coat. I was struck by the fact that, as summer turned into fall, the coat and the surrounding environment faded in a similar manner.

Last view of the front of the Coat. I was struck by the fact that, as summer turned into fall, the Coat and the surrounding environment faded in a similar manner.

Sun fading was a major factor in its disintegration. On the left you can see the area under the arm that was protected from the sun and to the right is the surface that was exposed to the sun. Major fading!

Sun fading was a major factor in its disintegration. On the left you can see the area under the arm that was protected from the sun and to the right is the surface that was exposed to the sun. Major fading!

Last view of the back of the coat.

Last view of the back of the Coat.

The Coat continued to transform until the last day of the exhibit.

Grasses continued to grow into the base up until the end. Even during the drought conditions of this fall, the coat supported this growth by protecting the soil beneath from drying out as drastically. This is a clear example of the beneficial effects of mulch.

Grasses continued to grow into the base even during the drought conditions of this fall. Growth was supported since the Coat kept the soil beneath from drying out as drastically. This is a clear example of the beneficial effects of mulch.

The ground around the coat had no grass growth but the soil beneath the coat edge did!

The ground around the Coat had no grass growth but the soil beneath the Coat edge did!

Apparently some critter wanted pieces of the right sleeve for its winter home since there was a huge chunk of sleeve material missing by the time I took it down. That, and a general slough-off of the felted imagery, turned the Coat into a weary-looking beast.

The work of a critter's "re-tailoring"!

The work of a critter’s “re-tailoring”!

Even though the background was starting to show wear, the flowers still held their own. I believe this was because greater care was taken in felting the flowers onto the background and that made them more impervious to the outdoor elements.

Even though the background was starting to show wear, the flowers still held their own. I believe this was because greater care was taken in felting the flowers onto the background and that made them more impervious to the outdoor elements.

All things considered, I have to say it still held a regal form and commanded attention up to the end.

I love this image of the old majestic oak tree seemingly growing out of the coat!

I love this image of the old majestic oak tree seemingly growing out of the Coat!

Tear Down Process

Compared to the set up—which took several days in the hot, unbearable sun—the tear-down was a snap. We were in and out in less than 4 hours.

First, I took a scissor to one seam and cut apart the front edge from the back.

Cutting off the coat from the framework.

Cutting off the Coat from the metal armature.

That opened up the sides and we simply pulled the Coat material around the metal armature frame—along the way, cutting the sewn-in threads that held the material to the frame. I had wondered what sort of problems we might encounter when pulling the Coat ends out of the soil. No worries there. The material that was buried underground had disintegrated over the summer to a very weak fabric and it simply tore off at the base! From dirt it came and to dirt it returned, just as expected. Let this be a lesson when choosing what type of clothing to buy. Do you want a garment to last for eons (polyester, nylon) or something that will serve its purpose in your lifetime and leave a smaller footprint on the earth (natural fibers like wool, cotton, linen)? 

Here you can see the effects of disintegration in the buried coat edge.

Here you can see the effects of disintegration in the once-buried Coat edge.

The now-removed coat seems to become a part of the grasses around it.

The now-removed Coat seems to become a part of the grasses around it.

After taking down the Coat material, we were left with the metal armature. We snipped off the plastic twist ties and the metal ones at the base, taking off the hardware cloth and digging the soil away from the structure as we went. Compared to the effort it took to get the structure in place, the removal was a joy!  The basic armature was finally revealed again and, after only a few turns of a wrench by a tall person (my sister—thanks sis!), the pipes were taken down and the structure lay around us in pieces.

My husband Jim helped me wrangle the unwieldy pipes. It is like a Tinker Toy® construction—a carefully balanced structure reinforced by the "walls" of hardware cloth so when the walls are gone, you just pop out the pipes (after removing screws) and voilá!—it becomes a totally transportable form.

My husband helped me wrangle the unwieldy pipes. If you read the earlier posts, you’ll remember that this armature is like a Tinker Toy® construction—a carefully balanced structure reinforced by the “walls” of hardware cloth so when the walls are gone, you just pop out the pipes (after removing screws) and voilá!—it becomes a totally transportable form.

The coat is gone! All that remains is the armature trench and stump chair. You can see some of the armature pieces on the ground behind me.

Earthly Coat is gone! All that remains is the armature trench and stump chair. You can see some of the armature pieces on the ground behind me.

Wow. That made it final. Earthly Coat was no more.

It's gone! All that remained we when left was the stump "chair".

It’s gone! All that remained we when left was the stump “chair”.

Pondering Its Demise

This “adventure” has caused me ponder what sort of crazed mind would attempt such a massive effort only to destroy it in the end? Ah—the nature of an artist! I see it as a lesson in seeing (and feeling) the temporal reality of this world. We exist in one moment and are gone in the next. But what we leave behind is hopefully the art that remains in hearts and minds—and souls. Art can be found in the experience of joy, wonder, and curiosity. It doesn’t require a manifest physical existence to have a lasting effect. My hope is that Earthly Coat brought this experience to a few people and remains as a fond memory of a positive experience on this earth, bringing to life some considerations of how each of us puts a mark on the world—preferably for good—for peace—for love. I saw all these aspects throughout the summer. From families having a joyous, open-hearted romp around the Coat to couples sharing a cuddle inside the Coat’s protection to people pondering how their clothing choices impact the earth.

A game of Hide-and-Go-Seek.

A game of Hide-and-Go-Seek.

Earthly Coat Reborn!

Truth be told, the Coat DOES still exist, although it’s in pieces now. The Coat material is lying in our garden and has become a winter home for a wild rabbit. I will let it continue to disintegrate there, perhaps cutting it up further in the spring and spreading the parts around our woods as mulch and/or for creatures to use as bedding. The metal structure is in pieces in our garage but in the spring I plan to reconstruct it somewhere on our property. I’m going to wrap stainless steel wire around the armature vertically (like a weaver’s warp on a loom) and turn it into an ongoing outdoor weaving. So you might say it will be reincarnated as a new art piece in the spring—the time of rebirth! I’m not sure what its ultimate fate will be in this form. Perhaps it will become another art piece that may be moved elsewhere if interest exists. Or perhaps it will remain here as a private garden structure/sculpture on which climbing plants can grow and something that I may continue to play with and enjoy sitting within. I believe the funnel/tee-pee-like shape creates a remarkable space for deep thoughts and creativity so I will put it to good use if its ultimate existence is the latter.

Future of the Blog & Recent News

I will keep this blog going with periodic news and updates on the structure’s rebirth and other tidbits of this creative life.

The first bit of news I want to share is regarding my upcoming YarnWorks book. I believe it IS finally “upcoming”. The original publisher (Quayside/Voyageur Press) has had it on the back burner for the past year while changes were happening in their business organization. They have finally restructured the business and the book is now being published by Creative Publishing international—one of Quayside Publishing’s “craft” publishing branches. We expect it to be in bookstores in September of 2013.

I dove into a LOT of research and hands-on projects during the writing of YarnWorks—more than could even fit into the book. So my next post is going to begin showing some of the behind-the-scenes work involved in the creation of the book. I hope you will keep tuned in!

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Developments at the (Nearly) 2-Month Point

“It’s a volcano.”

“Look at the painted flowers!”

“It’s a coat for the stump.”

“It looks like something Hagrid would wear.” [A giant in the Harry Potter books.]

“I want a coat like this!”

Those are some of the comments I’ve overhead at the Coat during the past (nearly) couple of months. It DOES look a bit like a volcano—with arms! And the flowers DO look painted. (This becomes a teaching moment for me to describe the needle-felting process.) It’s so fun to hear how people see the Coat.

Earthly Coat has become a magnet for visitors. I think it’s because it has a human shape and that naturally encourages people to approach. And this is especially true of children. They run up to it like it’s a grand old friend just waiting for them to visit. I’ve also seen families gathered around the Coat enjoying a picnic lunch, with the children playing hide-and-go-seek around and within it. And I’ve heard stories of others sitting on the stump inside the Coat and reading a book. This is just what I wanted! I’m thrilled that everyone is enjoying it for their own reasons—whether that be as a volcano, an object of artistic expression, or a delightful place to cuddle up with a book.

Structural Changes

The outdoor environment is naturally decaying the material over time, as any wool garment would decay if left to summer elements. Mainly, the decay is occurring in the wool colors that are slowly fading, with purple being the first to noticeably fade. If you visit the Coat, lift up a sleeve (gently) to see the fade factor between the shaded under-sleeve and the main exposed surface. But remarkably, yet not too surprisingly, this summer of hard rain and wind has made the surface smoother and better felted! This is most notable on the exterior.

Pest Management is either doing a brilliant job or the bugs have only been visiting the Coat to take a nap away from the brutal sun. I see no pest damage at all and the bug numbers have not increased—in fact, they seem to be fewer so I suspect Pest Management has had a part in that.

On the other hand, visitors have been very “hands on” with the Coat and it has had some notable degradation from human touch. This has occurred mainly with elements on the interior and on the level of a child’s reach and at the top where I sometimes catch people hanging! (Oh, please don’t do that!) The Coat material is slowly shifting lower on the structure due to the effects of gravity, its weight after being soaked in a rain, and that occasional grabbing/pulling by visitors. Some minor re-sewing has been needed to maintain its best attachment to the framework and to keep further visitor damage at bay. But generally, it’s holding its own out there.

The Most Exciting Development

Can you see it? Look to the lower left of the photo above. Grass has started to grow through the base of the Coat! This is what I hoped would happen. I can hardly wait to see it develop further. Maybe flowers will grow too? I purposely didn’t seed the Coat during the install for two reasons: 1. I didn’t want to encourage plants that might be seen as unwelcome to the Arboretum. 2. I didn’t want to force my will on the Coat’s future. I wanted to see what might naturally occur over time as the Coat stood in place just waiting for nature to take over.

This is truly an ongoing and changing exhibit. I’ll keep you posted on further transformations as the summer goes on.

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